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Female Infertility: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Female Infertility: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Female infertility is a path of motherhood that includes complexity, emotional challenges, financial burdens, and many more. Understanding the cause, symptoms, and treatment of female infertility is a crucial step for infertile women.

What are the causes of Female Infertility?

Female infertility includes multiple causes such as ovulatory disorders, endometriosis, PID, fallopian tube blockages, and many more. Let’s understand each one of the causes behind female infertility.

  1. Ovulatory Disorders

Conditions that affect the release of eggs from the ovaries are a common cause of infertility. Hypothalamic dysfunction, Polycystic ovary syndrome, and high levels of prolactin also affect ovulation. Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism affect the egg-release process and are also the reason behind female infertility.

  1. Uterine Abnormalities

Uterine abnormalities mean structural abnormalities within the uterus. Uterine fibroids are growths made by tissue that form in the wall of your uterus. There are different types of uterine abnormalities such as the septum, bicornuate, and unicornuate uterus. These conditions create a barrier in embryo implantation and cause complications during your pregnancy.

  1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is also a common cause of female infertility. When sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to the uterus and other reproductive organs then it results in female infertility.

  1. Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids mean the growth of noncancerous growths in the uterus. Intramural fibroids, subserosal fibroids, pedunculated fibroids, submucosal fibroids, and cervical fibroids are the types of uterine fibroids that are the cause of female infertility. For the proper treatment and diagnosis, you should consult the Best infertility doctor in Lucknow.

  1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where tissues similar to the uterine lining grow outside the uterus. Endometriosis can impact your overall reproductive health. It also disrupts the implantation of the embryo and is also responsible for fallopian tube blockage.

Other than these reasons, autoimmune conditions such as antiphospholipid syndrome increase the risk of miscarriage. Damaged and blocked fallopian tubes are also the reason for female infertility. Female fertility also declines with age, if the age is more than 35 years then the quality and quantity of eggs decrease and impact the chances of conceiving.

Also Read – How Genetic Disorders Affect Infertility?

What are the Symptoms of Female Infertility?

Female Infertility

Symptoms of female infertility depend on the cause behind your infertility. Here we will tell you different symptoms of female infertility.

Painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea) is a common symptom of infertility in females. Painful periods are also a sign of endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory diseases. Other than painful periods, menstrual irregularities, light periods, and absent or irregular periods are symptoms of ovulatory disorders.

Hormone imbalance also impacts your overall fertility and decreases the chances of successful pregnancy. Hormone imbalances reflected through acne, excessive hair growth, and abnormalities in prolactin or progesterone levels are responsible for major conception obstacles like PCOD. For balancing your hormones you should do lifestyle modifications and follow medications.

Abnormal vaginal discharge, chronic pelvic pain, sudden weight gain or weight loss, fatigue, nausea, bowel problems or pain with bowel movements, and pain during sex are also indications of female infertility.

What are the Treatments for Female Infertility?

Treatment for female infertility depends on its cause. Few infertility issues can be resolved through medications or specific therapy. Ovulatory disorders could be treated through medications advised by female fertility specialists. Advanced treatment plans such as In Vitro fertilization(IVF) help in many ways that can resolve your fertility issues and enhance the fertilization chances. Visit the Best IVF Centre in Lucknow for a personalized IVF treatment plan and top-notch healthcare facilities. Surgical procedures such as hysteroscopy or laparoscopy are effective treatments for fertility problems such as fibroids or endometriosis.

Hormone therapy is also advised to balance hormone levels and improve overall reproductive health. Other than these, lifestyle changes such as a well-balanced diet, regular exercise, avoiding alcohol or smoking, and following proper treatment plans can improve fertility. Consulting with a fertility specialist guides individuals toward the most suitable interventions, fostering optimism on the path to parenthood.

Also Read – Best Fertility Boosting Foods to Get Pregnant Faster


It is necessary to follow a proper lifestyle and medications to improve your overall fertility. Understanding causes, symptoms, and appropriate treatment options is necessary to fulfill the dream of parenthood. Advanced treatments like IVF, hormone therapy, and other surgical treatments can help in overcoming specific challenges related to your fertility. Before undergoing any treatment you must consider the cause and its symptoms. Consult a highly experienced female fertility specialist for personalized treatment and guidance during your fertility journey. Their expertise and support can create a better environment for your parenthood.

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