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Hypospermia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Hypospermia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

You might be amazed to know that about 100 million sperm cells are released from the penis during ejaculation. But, in today’s era, due to many reasons, the problem of lack of healthy sperm in men is increasing. Hypospermia means when the semen sample produced by a man during ejaculation is below 1.5 mL. During this issue, man consistently produces an abnormally low volume of semen when ejaculating. Let’s understand that what are the causes, symptoms, and treatment of this condition.

What are the Causes of Hypospermia?

There are different causes of hypospermia and a few of them are listed here.

The presence of obstruction or blockages in the male reproductive system

If there is any blockage in a male reproductive system like in the ejaculatory duct or vas deferens then it reduces the ejaculation of semen. Ejaculatory duct obstruction is present in up to 5% of infertile men.  Obstruction can be diagnosed by a male infertility specialist.

  • Lifestyle Choices

Excessive smoking, overconsumption of alcohol, poor diet, lack of proper sleep and more can lead to hypospermia. It also impacts sperm mobility and decreases the chances of successful fertilization. When you smoke, then smoke releases toxins which degrades sperm quality and seminal fluid quality.

  • Hormonal Imbalance

If your hormonal glands are not functioning properly then it affects the production of sperm. If there is a lack of testosterone, LH, or FSH then it is also responsible for decreased semen production.

  • Varicocele

A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of skin that holds the testicles. These veins transport oxygen-depleted blood from the testicles. But, swelling of veins in the scrotum can lead to an increase in scrotal temperature and decrease healthy sperm production. It may be responsible for other infertility issues and if you face pain or swelling in the scrotum area then you should consult with the Best male infertility doctor in Lucknow for early treatment.

  • Retrograde Ejaculation

During this condition, a problem is caused with your bladder sphincter which closes to let semen out. This is responsible for less volume of semen and leads to Hypospermia.

  • Medical Issues

Prostate problems, STI, and other issues also affect sperm production and lead to a decreased amount of ejaculation. Medications are also responsible for affecting sperm production and affect sperm quality.

What are the Symptoms of Hypospermia?

Symptoms of Hypospermia are a watery form of ejaculation, difficulty in proper ejaculation, difficulty in conceiving naturally, and a decrease in sexual pleasure. If you think that you are facing these symptoms, then you should consult with a male infertility specialist.

How to Diagnose Hypospermia?

The diagnosis of hypospermia can be done through a physical examination to detect swelling, structural issues, or soreness in the scrotum area. 

Semen analysis helps in evaluating the volume of semen, quality of sperm, and number of sperm in semen.

Through blood tests, hormonal levels can be determined.

Ultrasound imaging helps in identifying the testicles and prostate among other reproductive organs can be imaged using ultrasound techniques to determine issues and it may cause diminished semen volume. STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) can affect reproductive health so it’s important to go for STI testing.

What are the Treatments for Hypospermia?

Anyone who is facing this issue should understand that this can be treated with proper planning and under the supervision of an infertility specialist. It is important to understand what the cause of hypospermia is before undergoing any treatment.

Hormonal therapy can help enhance your hormonal functions and increase the levels of hormones that may be impacting your sperm production process negatively. Medications are advised by the male infertility specialist. Avoid taking medications of any hormone without consulting your infertility specialist.

Lifestyle changes can also help in improving testosterone levels and boost the volume of semen. Avoid consuming excessive alcohol, and smoking, incorporate a proper diet plan that contains essential nutrients, take 7 hours of sleep, and avoid taking stress. All these good lifestyle choices can lead to the production of healthy sperm and normalize ejaculation. If a couple is not able to conceive even with medication IVF is the solution even with nil sperm count.

Surgical processes like TESA/PESA help in retrieving sperms when there is a blockage and then retrieved sperm when fertilized with egg leads to embryo and its transfer leads to pregnancy.


It is essential to recognize the symptoms of hypospermia and seek timely diagnosis and treatment. Other than treatment You have to improve your lifestyle choices and consult with your male fertility specialist for early diagnosis and treatment. Individuals struggling with hypospermia can undergo a procedure like the IVF process at the Best IVF Centre in India for a successful pregnancy. Remember that hypospermia cannot become a block to your parenthood dream if you undergo a proper treatment plan and take the advice of your infertility specialist.

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